Top 5 Most Terrifying Germs and Viruses
Germs and viruses have existed even before the human race had evolved into the current human form. In order to build up the human resistance to the diseases caused by some viruses and germs, scientists have developed drugs and vaccines, but some are still pretty persistent and very scary. Here are the 5 top most terrifying germs and viruses.
1. Ebola virus
The first outbreak of this virus happened in 1975 in the Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ebola can easily spread through bodily fluids, including blood, as well as through contact with infected tissue (of animals or other humans). Many believe that the Ebola virus is the deadliest existing microbe, and it really is among the scariest ones, as it kills a person by causing the blood to stop clotting, besides having other negative effects on the body. This virus leads to death in around 90% of infected people. Luckily, outbreaks of Ebola are relatively rare, but it is still best to avoid contact with other people’s blood or other bodily fluids if you see any of the symptoms (oozing blood from the mouth, nose, eyes,..)
2. HIV/ AIDS
HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus leads to developing a disease familiar as AIDS, which kills thousands of people each year. Since 1985 when the AIDS pandemic first started, nearly twenty two million people have died from it. But the virus doesn’t directly kill people, but it affects the immune system and turns off immune defenses which are there to help the body fight off germs and viruses. People who die because of HIV actually die because their bodies can’t defend them from diseases, and even the least dangerous viruses and germs for healthy people become potentially deadly for people with AIDS.
HIV is transmitted through blood or unprotected sex- so make sure you use protection and choose healthy partners, as well as not getting into contact with other people’s blood.
You probably think that rabies is not a serious problem in the modern world, but there is still a chance of getting infected. Since rabies vaccines for pets were first developed in 1920s, this disease has become rare in the developed world, while in India and Africa it is still a life-threatening problem.
If a dog or other animal infected with rabies bites a person, and the person doesn’t get treatment, there is a 100% chance the person will die. Fortunately, there is a vaccine that helps the body create antibodies that fight off rabies.
4. Bird flu
There are various types of bird flu, and the mortality rate for infected persons is around 70%. The most familiar of these virus types is the H5N1, but the chances to get infected with it are low. The flu is transmitted through direct contact with poultry, so people who live close to chickens are the most threatened.
Rotavirus mostly causes severe diarrheal disease among young children (especially babies), and it spreads very quickly through fecal-oral route (which means that particles of feces are ingested unintentionally). Today, children are rarely dying from rotavirus, but in the developing world it kills many children, particularly because treatments are not as available there as they are in the modern world. According to the WHO, around 453 thousand children in the world under the age of five died in 2008 from being infected with this virus. Today, there are vaccines available in the modern world, as well as rehydration treatments that can help the children and prevent cases of death.