10 Diseases Which Threaten To Wipe Out Humanity
1. Ebola Virus
The Ebola virus disease attacks humans and some primates, and it is caused by a group of 5 viruses called Ebola viruses. EVD is a type of hemorrhagic fever, a type of infection where the virus causes both fever and hemorrhaging inside the patient’s body. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 when outbreaks occurred simultaneously in Sudan and in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It’s most recent incarnation happened a little over a year ago, in March 2014, when the most complex and most severe outbreak happened since Ebola was discovered.
It is believed that fruit bats are the most natural carriers of the virus. Ebola is introduced to the human population through close contact to blood and body secretions of infected animals. Humans transmit the virus to other humans by coming into direct contact with blood and bodily fluids of other infected patients. For this reason, healthcare workers are most vulnerable to the virus. Symptoms of the disease include: high fever, joint and muscle aches, vomiting, diarrhea, internal and external bleeding (there have been cases of patients bleeding from their eyes and ears). Ebola can eventually lead to death. Humans only become contagious when they start showing symptoms.
There is no proven vaccine or treatment for EVD. However, supportive care and specific treatments do seem to improve survival rates.